Report confirms significant advances in circularity of plastics system but challenges remain

Urgent action required to increase availability of circular feedstocks

Brussels: 19 March 2024

Plastics Europe today published its biennialThe Circular Economy for Plastics: A European Analysis report. Its data provides an overview of European plastics production, conversion, consumption, and waste management, and includes an analysis of plastics production from non-fossil sources, and recycling technologies.

The study’s central finding is that circular plastics now account for 13.5% in new plastic products manufactured in Europe. This means that the European plastics system is halfway towards the interim ambition – established in the ‘Plastics Transition’ roadmap – to use 25% of plastics from circular sources in new products by 2030.

However, the report’s data also highlights several major challenges that will undermine the Plastics system’s progress towards circularity; including growing rates of incineration with energy recovery (+15% since 2018) of plastics waste needed as circular feedstock/that could have been recycled.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, said: “Our latest ‘Circular Economy for Plastics’ report provides essential insights into the transition of the plastics system. This edition is also broader in scope and contains more in-depth data than ever before. Whilst the data confirms the shift to circularity is firmly established and picking up pace, it is frustrating that we still incinerate so much plastics waste when this potential feedstock is desperately needed by our industry to accelerate the transition. Without urgent action to increase the availability of all circular feedstocks for plastics we cannot maintain the current rate of progress and realise the ambitions of our ‘Plastics Transition’ roadmap and the EU Green Deal.”

In total, 26.9% of European plastics waste is now recycled meaning that, for the first time, more plastics waste is recycled than is put into landfill; an important milestone in Europe’s plastics circularity journey. However, to meet the growing demand for plastics manufactured from circular feedstocks, we need to massively upscale the collection and sorting of post-consumer plastics waste, and increase the availability of biomass and captured carbon.

The data also highlights that the uptake of circular plastics is not uniform but varies by industry sector. The strongest demand comes from the packaging, building and construction, and agriculture sectors. However, others, including automotive and electricals and electronics, are falling behind.

The report found that in 2022, circular plastics were produced from several sources: the largest source (13.2% of all plastics produced) was mechanically recycled, while only 1% came from bio-based feedstock, and 0.1% was chemically recycled.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, stated: “The continent-wide roll-out of chemical recycling, as a complementary solution to mechanical recycling, is essential to meet ambitious mandatory recycled content targets for applications and industries that require high-quality plastics. To incentivise the necessary investments and ramp up the deployment of chemical recycling in Europe we urgently need a green light and clarity from EU policy makers. We need legislative acceptance of chemical recycling and the adoption of a Mass Balance attribution method based on a fuel-use exempt model.”

The report also shows that Europe’s share of global plastics production decreased from 22% (2006) to 14% (2022). If this continues Europe will become increasingly dependent on imports and its ability to invest in circularity and support the transitions of the many downstream sectors and value chain partners that rely on plastics, will be undermined.

Virginia Janssens, Managing Director of Plastics Europe, said: “The European plastics system is too big, complex, and interconnected for any part of it to successfully deliver a competitive, circular and net zero system alone. We need to find better ways of listening, talking and deepening our collaboration. To boost this essential collaboration, we call on the European Commission to urgently establish a Clean Transition Dialogue to look at the roadblocks and solutions for creating a competitive circular plastics system in Europe together.”

Notes to editors

The purpose of the Plastics Europe ‘Circular Economy for Plastics’ reports is to strengthen and continually update a common circularity dataset to promote dialogue and inform evidence-based decision-making by our members, value chain partners and policy-makers. For the first time, the report covers production and conversion of plastics from bio-based feedstock, and chemical recycling. The report is based on the most recent industry estimates from 2022.

Published by European plastics manufacturers in 2023, the “Plastics Transition” roadmap establishes a pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the overall plastics system by 28% by 2030 and towards net-zero by 2050. In parallel, it predicts the gradual substitution of fossil-based plastics, and that circular plastics could meet 25% of European demand in 2030 and 65% by 2050. Cumulated additional investments and operational costs to reach these ambitions are projected to be at least €235 billion.

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